- Grand-Pre National
Grand-Pre National Historic Site commemorates the Deportation of the
Acadians. The Site also commemorates the national significance of
this centre of Acadian activity from 1682 and the largest community
in 1755. Finally, Grand Pre National Historic Site commemorates the
strong attachment that remains to this day among Acadians throughout
the world to this area, the heart of their ancestral homeland and
symbol of the ties which unite them.
The Site contains many
different commemorative monuments chief of which is the Church of
Notre-Dame de l'Assomption, patron saint of Acadians. There are also
monuments to the American poet, Longfellow whose poem, "Evangeline,"
published in 1847, brought the story of the Deportation to the English-speaking
Grand Pre National Historic Site,
P.O. Box 150,
Grand Pre, Nova Scotia
Telephone: (902) 542--3631
Fax: (902) 542-7472
- Grand Pre National
Historic Rural District
The villages of Grand
Pre and Hortonville, and the fertile farmlands which surround them,
comprise one of the oldest settlement and land use patterns of European
origin in Canada. Acadians began settling near Grand Pre in the 1680s,
attracted by the vast stretches of tidal marshes. Employing ingenious
dyke-building techniques developed at Port-Royal, Acadian farmers
enclosed over one thousand acres of marshland which, when desalinated,
created superior cropland. The houses of Grand Pre village, scattered
amidst the orchards and woodlots of the uplands fringe, stood along
the southern boundary of the principal marsh.
and Contact: See Above
- Port-Royal National
The recreation of the Port-Royal Habitation captures the essence of
one of North America's earliest European settlements. The original
building complex was designed by Samuel de Champlain. From 1605 to
1613, the French established this place as their base from which they
set out inland. Here too the Jesuit Missionaries had their headquarters.
Port-Royal National Historic Site
P.O. Box 9,
Annapolis Royal, Nova Scotia,
- Fort Anne National
In the 1600 and 1700s, holding For Anne was the key to controlling
eastern Canada. The Scots fortified this site first in 1629. Then
the French took control. They built fortifications here into the 1700s.
To the French, Fort Anne
was the heart of "Acadie." To the British, it was the centre of Nova
Scotia. Both sides fought each other many times to dominate this important
site. The Garrison cemetery at For Anne was first use by Acadian settlers.
Later it became the resting place of the British military and colonists.
For Anne was one of the
assembly points for Acadians during the Expulsion.
Fort Anne National Historic Site,
P.O. Box 9
Annapolis Royal, Nova Scotia
Telephone: (902) 532-23-21
Fax: (902) 532-2232
- The Melanson Settlement
National Historic Site
The Melanson Settlement
National Historic Site is an archaeological site, the location of
a typical Acadian homestead in the beautiful and fertile Annapolis
Valley, Nova Scotia. In the early 1600s, Acadians settled in family
communities along the Dauphin River (now Annapolis) and undertook
a form of agriculture unique in North America. Working together, they
diked large expanses of the salt marshes and planted field crops.
Four generations of the Melanson family lived here before the deportation
has revealed a series of buildings which document the turbulent history
of the Acadians. Trapped between the imperial ambitions of France
and England, the Acadians attempted to live a natural agrarian existence.
The evidence of burning at the Melanson settlement indicates just
how difficult it was for them to do this. Although the great expulsion
removed most Acadian settlers from the area, the Melanson family is
still prominent in the Annapolis Valley.
- Annapolis Royal
National Historic District
From its strategic setting,
Annapolis Royal has witnessed pivotal events in the history of European
settlement in Canada. Located on a former Mi'kmaq meeting place, the
townsite and its environs were known as Port-Royal by the French,
who occupied the area in 1605. The distinctive Acadians settlement
and agricultural patterns later developed on the surrounding marshlands.
As the capital of the French colony of Acadia, Port-Royal experienced
a tumultuous first century. Its fortifications were repeatedly besieged,
captured and rebuilt in the English-French rivalry for dominance in
and Contact: See Fort Anne