- Student Worksheet - Bibliography/Resources
EPISODE 22: The
Directed by Patricia Fogliato and David Mortin
Antonio da Silva, a 15 year-old
Portuguese stowaway arrived in Newfoundland in 1920. He later opened a
boarding house that became a home away from home for the famous Portuguese
- Emigration motivation
- Cultural memory
- White Fleet
- Folk Music and Dance
- To understand the factors
contributing to Portuguese immigration to Canada
- To comprehend the immigrants
search for a sense of family and community in their new home
- To appreciate the need for
second generation Portuguese Canadians to learn about their family and
- Folk music is a big part
of Maritime culture. Find five Maritimes folk songs, including one or
two from The Stowaway. Write an essay, exploring the lyrics of these
songs and what they tell you about Maritimes culture: its way
of life, aspirations, fears, community.
- Immigrants have traditionally
brought their own music to Canada, often as a form of comfort and identity.
Some of the songs are a longing for home, some express excitement for
a new adventure. Their music sometimes pokes fun at their new country,
while other times it offers a warning to other immigrants. Research
a folk song from five different cultural groups in Canada and create
a song book that includes the music, your interpretation of its meaning,
and a page on the arrival and experiences of that particular group.
- On a map of the world, locate
and label Antonio da Silvas home town in Portugal and his new
found home in Newfoundland. Make a chart or write a short essay detailing
the similarities Antonio found between the cultures of the Maritimes
and his homeland.
- Pretend you are Antonio
da Silva. Write a few journal entries describing your experiences as
a 13-year-old stowaway hiding in the lower deck of a ship. Continue
the journal as you land in Newfoundland and try to look for help and
a home. Remember to include observations of what must be a very strange
land and a very different language.
- Research the issue of the
fisheries in the history of the Maritimes relationship to Portugal
and the White Fleet. How were the two interdependent in the early 1900s?
What occurred in recent decades to change the relationship? One place
to start your research would be at the Scattering of Seeds website (www.whitepinepictures.com).
The section on The Stowaway has an article on the Portuguese White Fleet;
it is based on a book called Port O Call by Priscilla Doel, another
good source of information. Research tip: Look in newspapers from the
last few years, searching for any articles on the fishing wars, disputes
over international waters, and the position taken by the Canadian Ministry